Each year, very nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for gender recognition should make sure that they may not be also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
In a job interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh, the handling director associated with the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, talked about Germany’s present decision to permit the mass killings of young male chickens and exactly how his company’s Seleggt process could possibly be utilized as a bridging technology until more commercially viable practices are located.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate associated with Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation using the University of Leipzig, is rolling out the initial method that is operational very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How can this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a hormone-based technique. We already fully know that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, are generally contained in the non-incubated egg consequently they are just created into the feminine egg.
For this, one should wait about nine times through to the hormone are available in the egg in adequate amount. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a marker that is biochemical.
This then suggests, having a color modification, perhaps the sulphate that is oestrone current. Female eggs are then gone back towards the incubator and hatched, while male eggs are processed into animal feed.
Thus far, but, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Why is that?</p>
Within the last few couple of years, we now have made amazing progress in refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nevertheless, the method has just been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets within the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the time being, is mainly because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. After that, I will be seeing an escalating amount of respeggt eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set itself the purpose of attempting to sell these eggs in most its German branches by the termination associated with 12 months.
Beginning next year, we shall then provide while making our technology open to hatcheries. To start with, this is done in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly available.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re re re payment. Exactly why is that the situation?
Our enterprize model comes with supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only once the very first eggs are obtainable in supermarkets. We’ve create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the consumer that the eggs were produced without killing chickens that are young.
This really is a clear added value as supermarkets can then get this to marketable. Just then, will they pay us a licence charge because we made the hatching eggs offered by the beginning of the supply string.
The consumer, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered due to the fact cost of eggs will soon be somewhat increased.
What are the other means of the very early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are now being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally into the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these processes, as his or her development obviously happens in today’s world.
In every full instance, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m perhaps not just worried about your competitors, but in addition in regards to the problem of killing young birds.
In all honesty, operating the complete sector with just one technology will be a challenge that is serious.
Is since your reach remains too little?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall when you look at the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
Which means that we’re going to require a good deal more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we manage to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it had been labelled as a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of the may be the use that is dual of. Could that function as future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
Here is the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The logical objective, needless to say, should be to breed hens which have an excellent laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That appears like a jack-of-all-trades types of device which is what it really is.
As an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, i could let you know that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Just one or even one other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this problem to ensure we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are only a solution that is temporary it might definitely be much more sustainable and in every of our interests when we could place an end for this killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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